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BIO GAS - SELF EMPLOYMENT SCHEMES

 

WHAT IS BIO GAS?

Through natural process with the help of bacteria, cow dung and biological waste is subjected to degradation process to gas. This gas is called biogas.

Biogas is formed when organic biodegradable feedstock such as cow dung, poultry litter, other excreta, organic municipal solid waste (MSW), biomass etc. ferments and is degraded by bacteria under anaerobic conditions. Biogas is a mixture of:

Methane (CH4 - 50% to 70%)

Carbon dioxide (CO2 – 30% to 45%)

Minor impurities/contaminants comprising of gases such as

hydrogen sulfide (H2S – ppm to 3%).

Moisture (H2O)  

 Composition of Biogas

 

WHAT IS THE SCOPE OF BIO GAS PROJECT IN INDIA

The demand for energy and the fertilizers are never ending in the energy deficient India. India has a huge population of humans and cattle. One fifth of the population of earth as well as millions of cattle reside in India. So biological waste is available in abundance. We have abundant source of raw material and huge demand of finished product. Hence, this business is very lucrative and safe.

EFFECTIVE USE OF BIOGAS

Unfortunately no conscientious effort, except the traditional use of animal waste as manure, has been made to some extent in India. No effort has been made to use this waste for the purpose of production of energy to run power plants, water pumps, farm machinery, vehicles etc.

By an approximate formula, 100 cows will give 1000/Kg of cow dung per day, this in a bio digester will yield about 40 cubic meter of Gobar gas per day. After removing impurities such as CO2, Sulphur, Moisture etc will yield about 20 cubic meter or 17Kg of pure methane gas per day, which is also known as CNG.

With modern technology, effective use of dung and bio waste can be used to generate biogas in large quantities. Biogas after filtration from all impurities and moisture gives pure Methane gas. Methane can be compressed and stored in bottles and cylinders. This purified biogas or Methane is capable of running power plants for generating electricity & running vehicles.

During the process of manufacture of biogas, the remaining waste slurry is very rich in nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and organic humus. Therefore this slurry can be used as it is in the form of organic fertilizer, which is very good for the crop and increases yield to 25% to 40%.

HOW TO EARN PROFIT FROM BIO GAS PROJECT

Green Earth Consultant help in setting up of bio gas plant at your premises regardless of your location in India. We provide best machinery, best design and layout for your setup, efficient running process to yield best output. We provide training to your people to run the plant and maintain it, and suggest you the avenues of earning from your products.

There is ready market for:

a)      Raw biogas for using in cooking. But it has smell so not preferred.

b)      Refined biogas for using in cooking in community kitchens and operation of boilers in industry. This is in high demand

c)      Purified and pressurized biogas is used to generate electricity.

d)      Purified and pressurized biogas is used to make CNG and stored in bottles.

e)      Slurry from biogas generation can be sold as organic fertilizer.

 

WHAT IS THE IMPACT ON ENVIRONMENT

Garbage, bio waste and animal dung if left in open will release methane in atmosphere. This is highly poisonous and harmful gas. Hence, biogas manufacturing plants prevent pollution as the methane is put to use as fuel and is burnt away. That is why government is encouraging bio gas plants.

WHAT DOES THE BIOGAS CNG OR ELECTRICITY PROJECT INVOLVE

Biogas projects have three stages:

Stage 1: Collection of cow dung, mixing it with water and making slurry. This slurry is fed into digester to produce raw biogas. This raw biogas can be used for cooking, but it will have smell of impure gases. Raw biogas can be stored in special containers or balloons.

Stage 2: Raw biogas is pumped into filtration plant and has to go through many stages for removing the impurities. Filtered or pure biogas or bio-cng is stored in special containers or balloons.

Stage 3: Pure biogas or bio-cng is then pumped into very powerful four stage compressor system to be fed into bottles. A group of bottles is setup as cascade and has to be transported via trolleys to end user.

Pure biogas can be also fed to generators to produce electricity.

Best location of these plants is near to large cattle breeders, Gaushallas and in vicinity of small houses that have cattle and buffalos who can collectively supply dung to your plant.

Small plants for household use are also available for generating gas for your daily cooking needs, if you have 2-3 cattle or buffalos.

BIPGAS POWER (OFF-GRID) PROGRAM

Biogas based power units can be a reliable decentralized power generation option in the country.  In  order  to  promote  this  route  of  power  generation,  specifically  in  the  small  capacity range (3 kW to 250 kW),  based  on the availability  of  large  quantity  of  animal wastes  and  wastes  from  forestry, rural  based  industries  (agro/food  processing),  kitchen  wastes,  etc;  a  number  of  projects  of different  capacities  and  applications  will  be  taken  up  for  refining  the  technical  know-how, developing  manpower  and  necessary  infrastructure,  establishing  a  proper  arrangement  of operation & maintenance and large scale dissemination. The projects to be taken up by any village level organization, institution, private entrepreneurs etc. in rural areas as well as areas covered under the Remote Village Electrification (RVE) programme of MNRE other than  the  industries  and  commercial establishments  covered  under  Urban,  Industrial  & Commercial  Applications  (UICA)  programmes  for  sale  of  electricity  to individual/ community on mutually  agreeable  terms. The implementing organizations  must  ensure  that  sufficient  feed stock/ materials  for proposed biogas  plants size  are  available  on sustainable basis and the beneficiary organization gives an undertaking that the plant would be maintained and operated for a minimum period of ten years.

The industrial sector today consumes approximately 35% of total electricity generated in the country. At the same time, high quality stable power is required to attain the higher growth rate projected for this sector. Majority of industries in India require both electrical and thermal energy. Today, they either buy power from the State Electricity Boards, or generate their own power largely through diesel generators and meet their thermal energy requirements through captive means mostly utilizing fossil fuels such as coal, oil or natural gas. As fossil fuels are limited, and have adverse environmental impact, it would be appropriate to use non-conventional energy sources including biomass resources such as crop residues and agro-industrial wastes for generation of energy in the industries mainly through biomass gasification technology for meeting their total / partial requirements for both electrical and thermal energy.

There are several industries such as sugar, paper and pulp, textiles, fertilizers, petroleum, petrochemicals and food processing, etc. which require electrical as well as thermal energy for their operations. These requirements can either be met through different energy sources, or from a single source, which is capable of generating electricity as well as producing thermal energy. Simultaneous production of power and thermal energy from a single fuel source is termed as co-generation. The power generated from such co-generation plants can be used for meeting the captive requirements and the surplus power produced can be exported to the grid.

GOVERNMENT BENEFITS FOR BIOGAS PLANTS

As the project is beneficial, there are various schemes to promote this business.

Government offers subsidy.

DETAILS OF PROGRAMME ON ENERGY FROM URBAN, INDUSTRIAL AND AGRICULTURAL WASTES/RESIDUES DURING 12TH PLAN PERIOD

The main objectives of the program is to promote setting up of projects for recovery of energy from urban, industrial and agricultural wastes, to create conducive conditions and environment, with fiscal and financial regime, to develop, and to demonstrate and disseminate utilization of wastes and residues for recovery of energy.

The scheme provides for Central Financial Assistance in the form of capital subsidy and Grants-in-Aid in respect of the following activities:

i)                    Setting up of five pilot projects based on Municipal Solid Waste.

ii)                   Biogas production from Industrial waste.

iii)                 Power generation or production of bio-CNG from biogas produced from sewage and industrial wastes or from Urban and Agricultural wastes through biomethanation.

iv)                 Power generation from solid industrial waste.

v)                  Promotional activities.

vi)                 R&D, Resources assessment, technology upgradation and performance evaluation, etc.

vii)               Installation of biomass co-generation projects (excluding bagasse co-generation) in industry for meeting the requirement of captive power and thermal energy with at least 50% of power for captive use, and an option for the surplus power to be exported to the grid.

 

Eligibility criteria of projects for Central Financial Assistance Criteria based on type of wastes

i)                    Projects based on any bio-waste from urban, agricultural, industrial/agro – industrial sector (excluding bagasse).

ii)                   ii) Projects for co-generation /power generation and production of bio-CNG from biogas.

iii)                 iii) Mixing of other wastes of renewable nature, including rice husk, bagasse, sewage, cow-dung, other biomass and industrial effluents (excluding distillery effluents) will be permissible.

iv)                 iv) Biogas generation projects based on distillery effluents and projects based on wastes from fossil fuels and waste heat (flue gases) shall not be supported.

v)                  v) Municipal Solid Waste based projects selected through transparent competitive procedure would only be eligible for central financial assistance.

vi)                 In MSW to Power projects, any waste of renewable nature or biomass can be mixed to the extent of 25 % based on gross Calorific Value. Use of a maximum of 25 % conventional fuels would be allowed in Biomass Co-generation (Non-Bagasse) projects based on agricultural wastes and residues other than bagasse.

vii)               Projects based on waste-to-energy conversion technologies, namely, biomethanation, combustion, gasification, pyrolysis or a combination thereof.

viii)              Projects for generation of power from biogas will be based either on 100% biogas engines or steam turbines with a minimum steam pressure of 42 bar.

ix)                 MSW based projects need to be developed in accordance with the decision of Hon’ble Supreme Court given during the hearing on May 15, 2007 and the recommendations of the Expert Committee referred therein.

x)                  The projects based on biomethanation of MSW should be taken up only on segregated/uniform Waste unless it is demonstrated that in Indian conditions, the waste segregation plant/process can separate waste suitable for Biomethanation.

xi)                 Bio-CNG to be produced will have to meet the BIS specifications as per IS 16087 : 2013.

There will be no minimum / maximum limit on capacity of projects supported under this program, however, cattle dung based power generation projects of up to 250 kW capacity will not be considered under this program..

Central Financial Assistance Central Financial Assistance (CFA) for projects of different categories would be given to the promoters wastes/Processes/Technologies in the form of capital subsidy and in the form of Grants-in-Aid for other activities, as given below:

Wastes/Processes/Technologies
Capital Subsidy

1.Power generation from Municipal Solid

Rs. 2.00 crore/MW (Max. Rs.10crore/project) Waste

2. Power generation from biogas at Sewage

Treatment Plant or through biomethanation of Urban and Agricultural Waste/residues including cattle dung or production of bio-CNG

Rs. 2.00 crore/MW or bio-CNG from 12000 m3 biogas/day (Max. Rs. 5 crore/project)

3. Biogas generation from Urban, Industrial and Agricultural Wastes/residues

Rs. 0.50 crore /MWeq. (12000 m3 biogas /day with maximum of Rs. 5 cr./ project)

4. Power Generation from Biogas (engine / gas turbine route) and production of bio-CNG for filling into gas cylinders

Rs. 1.00 crore/MW

Or bio-CNG from 12000 m3 biogas (Max. Rs.5 crore/project

5. Power Generation from Biogas, Solid Industrial, Agricultural Waste/residues excluding bagasse through Boiler + Steam Turbine Configuration

Rs. 0.20 crore/MW (Max. Rs. 1 crore/project)

The capital subsidy will be considered subject to the following:

i)                    The amount of capital subsidy would be calculated on the basis of installed capacity.

ii)                   ii) Total capital subsidy would be limited to Rs. 5.00 crore per project for Industrial Waste, however, it will be limited to Rs. 1.00 crore per project in case of projects for power generation through boiler turbine configuration in stand alone mode or through cogeneration.

iii)                 iii) Subsidy amount will be restricted to 20% of the project cost in Urban, Agricultural Waste/residues and Industrial Waste while financial assistance will be limited to 40 % for STP.

iv)                 iv) In case of Special Category States (NE Region, Sikkim, J&K, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand), the capital subsidy would be 20% higher than that for other States. This provision will also be applicable two items (ii & iii) above.

v)                  v) CFA to Biomass co-generation projects would be limited to a maximum of Rs. 1.0 crore/project , irrespective of the installed capacity of the project.

State Nodal Agencies would be provided an incentive / service charge @ Rs.1% of the subsidy restricted to Rs.5.00 lakh per project, in order to facilitate development of projects and their monitoring during implementation / post commissioning.

Service charges for Biomass cogeneration (Non-bagasse) projects would be @ Rs.1 lakh/MW restricted to Rs. 5 lakh/project.

Financial Assistance for promotional activities would be provided for organizing training courses, business meets, seminars/ workshops and publicity /awareness on case-to- case basis, subject to a maximum of Rs. 3.0 lakhs per event/ activity.

Financial support would be provided for R&D projects, including studies on resources assessment, technology upgradation, performance evaluation etc. to institutions/ industries. This will be governed by the procedures /guidelines issued by MNRE.

The scheme will be implemented by State Nodal Agencies, Urban Local Bodies / Municipal Corporations, private and public sector enterprises and organizations, as well as NGOs including through Energy Service Companies (ESCOs).

For projects to be implemented without debt financing/loans, the proposals will be directly submitted to the Ministry for financial support. In cases where debt financing / loans from domestic FIs / Banks is involved, the proposals for financial support will be submitted by the promoters to the Ministry through Banks/FI along with all the statutory clearances.

The Technical Institutions namely IISc, IITs, CLRI, etc. and the organizations such as IL&FS, TCOs, FIs, IREDA, etc. will also be involved in development of projects and preparation of Detailed Project Reports (DPR). The projects will be taken up by Urban Local Bodies and other Government organizations in Public Private Partnership mode.

Financial Assistance for MSW based projects will be provided for projects selected through a transparent competitive procedure.

The entire capital subsidy amount would be released to the beneficiary’s loan account in the lending financial institution/banks for the purpose of offsetting the loan amount only after successful commissioning of project as per DPR norms and receipt of copies of statutory clearances and requisite project related information / documents. The condition of successful commissioning of the project would, inter-alia, imply operation of the project for three months, including continuous operation for at least 72 hours at minimum of 80% of rated capacity, for MSW based projects, this would be 60% of rated capacity.

In case the project is set up by the developers through their own resources, the CFA would be released directly to the developer after successful commissioning of the project . The incentives to State Nodal Agencies would be released after successful commissioning of the project.

The State Nodal Agencies concerned will closely monitor the execution of the projects and provide guidance for their timely completion. They would also submit periodic progress reports to MNRE.

MNRE may also monitor the progress of implementation of the projects as well as their performance through a Monitoring Committee consisting of representatives from MNRE, financial institution (s) / banks, Technical Institutions and State Nodal Agencies. 8.0 The aforesaid program is subject to change (s) and modification (s) as may be decided by the MNRE, Govt. of India from time to time, and subject to availability of funds. The Ministry shall in no way be liable for expenditure incurred by promoters for pre-project preparation or other activities, merely on the basis of this circular and / or related announcements by the Ministry. In case of any ambiguity on interpretation of any provisions of the scheme, the decision of the Ministry shall be final and binding

FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE FOR UNEMPLOYED GRADUATES

Pradhan Mantri Rozgar Yojana

The scheme was launched on the auspicious day of 2nd October, 1993, the birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi all over the country The main objective of the PMRY scheme is to provide easy subsidized financial assistance to educated unemployed youth for starting their own enterprises in manufacturing, business & service and trade sectors. Initially the scheme was aimed at providing self-employment to one million educated unemployed youth in the country by setting up 7 lakh micro enterprises through inducting service and business ventures over a period of 2 ˝ years. The scheme is a stupendous success and caught the imagination of the youth. Overwhelmed with the response and ever-increasing need, the Government has decided to make it a permanent scheme and framed modalities & guidelines for its successful implementation and to fulfill the purpose for which it is designed. The features of the scheme are as follows:

·         This is a centrally sponsored scheme

·         The Development Commissioner (Small-Scale Industries) under Ministry of Small Scale, Rural and Agro, Industries Government of India is the apex body for this scheme.

·         The respective Commissioner/Director of Industries implements the scheme at the State level except the four metropolitan cities, with an overall monitoring by the concerned Secretaries of Industries.

·         The implementation agencies at the grass root level are District Industries Centre (DIC) who would be instrumental for the grounding of the units.

·         Small Industries Service Institute(SISI) located in the four Metropolitan cities of Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai are the implementing agencies of this scheme.

·         The DCSSI has setup a special PMRY division in the headquarters under the able guidance of an IAS officer. DCSSI formulates the rules, regulations and guideline instructions and provides clarifications on all the matters pertaining to PMRY scheme. It has also devised a complete feedback information by the means of getting monthly, quarterly and annual progress reports from all the states to closely monitor the implementation and progress of the scheme.

·         Similarly at the state level, State Level PMRY Committee meetings monitors the progress of the scheme every quarter.

 

REQUIREMENT FOR THE SCHEME:

  1. Age: For all educated unemployed between the age group of 18-40 years, in general with a 10 years relaxation for SC/STs, ex-servicemen, physically handicapped and women.
  2. Educational Qualification: 8th passed. Preference will be given to those who have been trained for any trade in Government recognised/approved institutions for a duration of at least six months
  3. Family income: Neither the income of the beneficiary along with the spouse nor the income of parents of the beneficiaries shall exceed Rs.40000 pa
  4. Residence: Permanent resident of the area for at least 3 years.
  5. Defaulter: Should not be a defaulter to any nationalized bank / financial institution/cooperative bank. Further, a person already assisted under other subsidy linked government schemes would not be eligible under this scheme.
  6. Activities covered: All economically viable activities including agriculture and allied activities but excluding direct agricultural operations like raising crop, purchase of manure etc.
  7. Project cost: Rs.1.00 lakh for business sector. Rs. 2.00 lakhs for other activities. Loan to be of composite nature. If two or more eligible persons join together in a partnership, project upto Rs.10.00 lakhs are covered. Assistance shall be limited to individual admissibility.
  8. Subsidy and Margin money: Subsidy will be limited to 15% of the project cost subject to ceiling of Rs.7,500/- per entrepreneur. Banks will be allowed to take margin money from the entrepreneur varying from 5% to 16.25% of the project costs as to make the total of the subsidy and the margin money equal to 20% of the project cost.
  9. Collateral: No collateral for project upto Rs.1 lakh. Exemption from collateral in case of partnership project will also be limited to an amount of Rs.1 lakh per person participating in the project.
  10. Rate of interest and repayment schedule: Normal bank rate of interest shall be charged. Repayment schedule may range between 3 to 7 years after an initial moratorium as may be prescribed.
  11. Training and other assistance: the training expenses and operational expenditure to be covered within the ceiling of Rs.2,000 per case. The existing system of revising the scale of expenditure in consultation with the Finance for various activities and flexibility would be available to the implementing agencies of the state and central levels subjects to condition that over all training and operating expenses remain within the ceiling of Rs.2,000/- per case sanctioned.
  12. Implementing agency: the District Industries Centres and the Directorate of Industries shall mainly be responsible for scheme implementation along with banks
  13. Linkages of targets with recovery: Basic minimum targets based on the population and the number of educated unemployed, Additional targets would be linked to the recovery of loans sanctioned, past performance of sanctions or special circumstances prevailing in the state/UT.
  14. Reservation: Preference should be given to weaker sections including women. The scheme envisages 22.5% reservation for SC/ST and 27% for other Backward class (OBCs). In case SC/ST/OBC candidates are not available, States/UTs Government will be competent to consider other categories of candidates under PMRY.

 

APPLICATION FOR LOAN UNDER PMRY SCHEME:

1) We help in preparation of the project for PMRY scheme at a reasonable fee. This project is to be submitted with your application for loan.

2) The District Industries Centre ( DIC) along with banks being the implementing agency at the grass root level of each districts calls for people to apply for PMRY loans. The required application forms are available at DICs, with the local Industry Promotion Officers of the concerned areas as well as local banks. The application form is a simple format seeking the basic details of the candidate (Application form enclosed).

3) the GM, DIC constitutes the task force committee and convenes meeting to conduct interview of the candidates. The members of the task force committee are GM DIC, all the financing bankers, officials of all other developmental agencies like SISI. The objective of the task force committee is to take interview of the applicants to assess their knowledge about the proposed project, aptitude, interest, and entrepreneur qualities so as to make the proposed project a success and to sincerely repay the proposed loan amount given under the PMRY scheme. The committee selects the candidates by the process of grading marks. Task Force Committee selects the candidate and allocate to the bank. The selected candidates, are duly intimated and directed to approach the selected bank branch for sanction of the loan, with this the selection process is completed.



REPAYMENT:

Repayment time for loan is between 3 to 7 years depending on type of project.

DEFAULTER:

Defaulters are dealt with very seriously through Department of Revenue for recovery of loan and assets.

WHO TO PROCEED FURTHER?

Once you have decided to install the biogas project, you have to contact mail@greenearthconsultant.in and inform them the follows:

1)      How many cow/buffalo you have.

2)      How much land you have, where you will set up the unit.

3)      How many people will be involved as partners with individual loan.

4)      Name, address and cell numbers of all the partners.

5)      How many hours of electricity you get in a day

6)      Do you have availability of water through municipality, hand pump, well, etc.

On receipt of your information, we will send you the best options available to you and which project will be the best for you.

If needed we will even visit your site if the project is a large one and advise you the best options.

 

APPLICATION FORM FOR GRANT OF SUBSIDY

 Under the Program on Energy from Urban, Industrial and Agricultural Wastes / Residues

 1.      Name of Promoter/ Investor

2.      Regd. Office/Postal address Tel. No./ Fax No./E-Mail

3.      Name of Project along with capacity

4.      Type of Waste & Quantity required/day

5.      Location- (city/district/state)

6.      Name of FI/Bank lending for the project

7.      Total cost of project

Pre-project costs

Capital cost

Other costs d) Total

8.      Means of Financing

Promoter’s direct equity

Loans (with details) from FIs

From other sources

 

9.      Whether grid-connected or captive

10.  Project period (in months)

11.  Status of Project

12.  Enclosures

Two copies of DPR, including bar charts for schedule of activities for the project

Proof of possession of site

Details of statutory clearances obtained, (if any)

Copy of the MoU executed with FI/Bank

Copy of the MoU executed with SEB / other State Agency

Certified that the above information given by me on behalf of my firm/ company is correct in all respects and no factual information has been suppressed.

 

 

(Signature of the Applicant)

 

Government loan plans for unemployed in India for setting up bio gas plants.

Women can now avail Interest-Free Loans worth Rs.50,000 to Start Ventures

Women who wish to venture out on their own and start their own businesses can avail Rs.50,000 from the government, and since half the amount is subsidy, repayment must be done only to the extent of Rs.25,000. The National Employment Service department will offer the interest-free loan as per Saranya – a self-employment scheme that is designed to aid legally divorced women, unemployed widows, unmarried mothers, women abandoned by their husbands and single women who are over 30 years of age provided they have been registered in employment exchanges in Kerala.

Skill Education for Graduates and Loan Opportunities for Unemployed – Minority Corporation

Karnataka Minorities Development Corporation (KMDC) is all set to train 10,000 unemployed graduates belonging to the minority communities. The highest concentration of minority communities is in the Udupi and Dakshina Kannada districts of Karnataka which will see special focus by the KMDC.

The youth will be trained under the “Develop India” program. KMDC also plans to tie-up with various other institutes to popularize the program and provide training to the unemployed youth. The aim is to provide placements to about 70% of the youth that avail training under this program while the rest 30% is to be offered loans for starting of their own enterprises. KMDC also plans to offer subsidized loans to around 5000 minority students for taking up various engineering, medical and dental courses this year. Students who avail these loans will have to start repayment after completion of 6 months from the date of completion of course.

 

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